When people talk about cannabis buds, they usually focus on their cannabinoids and therapeutic properties. However, these are not the only natural compounds present in the cannabis bud. Like other buds/plants, including weed, marijuana, hemp, and more come with organic properties, including “terpenes”- terpenes give s specific flavor and scent to the plant.
Terpenes are the major reasons why every cannabis buds have different smells- the different terpene profile give different aroma to the plant. This is the reason plants like marijuana or cannabis are grown in the same environment with the same facilities that might have a slightly different aroma.
According to several studies, the factors that affect cannabis buds’ terpenes levels include;
- Soil type
- Harvest time
- Maturation level
“Note: Plants develop terpenes in the initiative place to simply attract pollinators and reject predators. But later, these compounds become quite an important part of the plant. According to various studies, terpenes could also have medicinal properties like other compounds present in the cannabis buds or strain.”
There is a lot to learn about terpenes, let’s start with some basics in this writeup!
What Are Terpenes?
Terpenes are natural organic molecules that develop in a huge range of plants. Terpenes are known for their aromatic nature and floristic properties. In cannabis flowers, natural smells come for terpenes or closely related compounds. They are responsible for the distinctive scents of plants like lilac, rosemary or mint, and more.
Terpenes are simply responsible for the aroma and flavor of the cannabis strains; however, there is more to know about terpenes than just their aroma. Terpenes also give colors to a particular strain. Terpenes, cannabinoids, and other natural components produce the entourage effect and work pleasantly.
Here are some of the most important terpenes in cannabis bud;
Myrcene is one of the most common cannabis bud terpenes that gives a distinctive earthy aroma, which is impossible to ignore. It forms up to 50% of the total composition in different plants. Myrcene has a wide range of therapeutic properties that makes the cannabis buds more useful and convenient. It is also known for its anti-inflammatory properties.
Pinene has a pine-like scent; it is the main terpene that is responsible for the typical smell of pine trees. Cannabis bud is rich in pinene is good for various uses. It has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and other natural properties that can help you in many ways.
Limone has a citrus smell found in orange and lemon rinds as well as in cleaning products. In simple words, Limonene is a citrus terpene. It has antibacterial properties and can be used for various purposes.
Humulene is a common constituent in cloves, coriander, and basil. It is majorly known for its anti-inflammatory properties.
Bisabolol is one of the most important terpenes present in Cannabis buds. It has a light, sweet floral aroma and is specifically known to have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-irritant effects. It can be found commonly in Chamomile.
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